Christian Ministry

Bible teaching
Kings of Judah

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January 1999

Whether an emperor, king, or president, the actions and behavior of leaders are placed on pedestals, visible for all the world to see. And, all to often, the actions of leaders are reflected in the people they lead. This is especially true in the Bible. For there is no other volume of work where both the strengths and weaknesses, the accomplishments and failures, of history's most famous people are so vividly and poignantly recorded. The Bible has withstood all efforts to destroy it and continues to stand before us as a testament to the best and worst man has to offer.

The chronicles of the kings of Judah are a provocative example of this. Nowhere else in the Bible have individuals been given so much opportunity by God to lead His people, to shepherd them in a way that would lead them into a greater relationship with their Creator. More often than not, however, those kings failed miserably in their divine assignments.


After the nation was divided into two parts - North (Samaria) and South (Judah) - following the death of King Solomon, the northern kingdom was not blessed with a single righteous king. Judah, on the other hand, was gifted with several. However, the southern kingdom had its share of sinful kings who sought to do the will of non-existent pagan gods rather than of the Most High (Daniel 4:34), who brought Israel into existence.

It is these southern kingdom monarchs following King Solomon on whom we will focus, as their stories stand recorded before us. As God's universal Church, it is our responsibility to learn all we can from the kings of Judah, to emulate their spiritual victories and to eschew their moral failures.

Rehoboam succeeded his father Solomon. However, his decision to raise taxes led to a split in the Israelite kingdom. Rehoboam and Jeroboam divided Solomon's kingdom and fought each other throughout their lives (I Kings 14:30). This was exactly the judgment that God promised to exact on Solomon for his sins of idolatry (I Kings 11:11-13). Ten tribes, collectively referred to as Israel or the northern kingdom, sided with Jeroboam in rebellion against Solomon's successor Rehoboam, who ruled over the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, known as Judah or the southern kingdom.

One cannot be struck with a sense of sadness when reading about the fall of Israel leading up to the Babylonian captivity. Until the Lord built His Church, perhaps no people on earth had been so blessed as the children of Israel to have communion with the God who breathed the world into existence. The kings who were given the privilege of leading that people had the chance to shepherd them in the ways of the Sovereign of the Universe. Some succeeded gloriously; however, most failed miserably.

Today, Christians have a magnificent opportunity to live for the Lord and show the world that there is just one God (the Lord), one Spirit (the Holy Spirit), and one Saviour (Jesus Christ). May we be faithful in the work which He has given us to do.

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Kings of Judah
Rehoboam Abijah Asa Jehoshaphat
Jehoram Ahaziah Joash Amaziah
Uzziah Jotham Ahaz Hezekiah
Manasseh Amon Josiah Jehoahaz
Eliakim Jehoiachin Zedekiah Index

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This teaching was written by David Holt Boshart, Jr. and David Ettinger.
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